Have you ever suffered from acne? Perhaps it is a case of hormonal acne. Due to hormonal changes throughout adolescence, hormonal acne develops in adults and can range from blackheads to whiteheads.
Sebum (an oily material produced by the skin glands), which is overproduced in hormonal acne, clogs pores and results in acne. Although hormonal acne is frequently unavoidable, it can be treated to stop breakouts in the future.
However, it appears that hormonal acne can persist into adulthood and is most prevalent in women (especially when using birth control). A 2008 study found that 25 percent of women aged 40 to 49 and 50 percent of women between the ages of 20 and 29 have acne, respectively.
Causes of hormonal acne
Clogged pores are the root of acne. When hormonal fluctuations cause the skin to generate more oil, hormonal acne forms. Acne is brought on by the interaction of these oils with bacteria in the skin pores where hair follicles form.
Usually, hormonal acne is characterized by:
– Acne around the cheeks and jawline.
– Blackheads, whiteheads, or cysts.
– Oily skin.
Then, how to treat hormonal acne?
There are several treatment options available to lessen sebum production, acne development, and uncomfortable inflammation depending on the severity of the acne:
- Topical treatments for blackheads and whiteheads (tretinoin).
- Benzoyl peroxide, topical retinoids, or topical antibiotics for inflamed acne.
- Isotretinoin and/or antibiotics for moderate-to-severe acne (retinoids).
- Injection of steroids for cystic acne (intralesional triamcinolone).
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In contrast, regular behaviours can help prevent hormonal acne from developing by:
- Exfoliating the skin daily.
- Contraception (oral contraceptives).
- Dietary adjustments.
— Light or laser therapy.
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